201. (be) distinct from ( = be different from) 与…截然不同

所谓不积跬步,无以至千里。不积小流,无以成江海。词汇的积累必定使你的考研英语事半功倍,赶紧行动起来吧!

  202. distinguish between (=make or recognize differences) 辨别

  1. (be) distinct from ( = be different from) 与…截然不同

  2. distinguish between (=make or recognize differences) 辨别

  3. distinguish…from 把…与…区别开

  4. do away with(=get rid of;abolish;discard eliminate)除去取消

  203. distinguish…from 把…与…区别开

do away with(=kill)杀掉镇压

  204. do away with(=get rid of; abolish; discard eliminate)
除去,废除,取消; do away with (=kill) 杀掉, 镇压

  1. have…to do with 与…有关系

  2. without doubt (=undoubtedly)无可置疑地

  3. in doubt(=in a condition of uncertainty)对…表示疑惑

  4. be due to 是由于

  5. come off duty 下班

  6. go on duty 上班

  7. be on duty 值班, 值日, 在上班时

  8. be in duty bound to (do) (=be required by one’s job or esp. by
    conscience) 有义务(做

  9. be eager for 想得到, 盼望

  10. by ear (=play music from memory without having seen it printed)
    凭记忆,不看乐谱

  11. have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and
    language)对..有鉴赏力

  12. a word in one’s ear 私房话, 秘密话

  13. on earth 究竟, 到底, 全然

  14. with ease ( = easily) 容易, 不费力

  15. at (one’s) ease ( = without worry or nervousness) 自在,不拘束

  16. put sb. at his / her ease (=free sb. from worry or
    nervousness)使某人感到无拘束

  17. economize on (=save sth. instead of being wasteful) 节省

  18. have an effect on 对…有影响

  19. be in effect (=be in operation) 有效

  20. go into effect 生效. ( 近: come into effect; take effect; be brought
    into effect)

  21. in effect (=in fact, really) 实际上

  22. give effect to (=carry out) 实行,使…生效

  23. to no effect 不起作用,没有取得任何效果

  24. (be) of no effect (=useless) 无效

  25. to the effect that 大意是…,主要内容是…

  26. to that effect 是那个意思的…

  27. emerge from ( =appear, become known ) 出现, 暴露(问题. 意见等)

  28. place(or put, lay) an emphasis on 强调, 把重点放在…上

  29. encourage sb. in 鼓励; encourage sb. in his/her work 鼓励某人工作;

  205. have…to do with 与…有关系

encourage sb. in his/her idleness 怂恿某人游手好闲

  206. without doubt (=undoubtedly)无可置疑地

  1. encourage sb. in …with sth. 用…鼓励某人做某事

  2. on end (=continuously) 连续地

  3. (be) at an end (=finished) 结束了

  4. no end of (=very many/much) 很多,大量

  5. in the end (=finally, eventually) 最终

  6. at one’s wit’s end (=not knowing what to do or to say) 无法可想,
    智穷计尽

  7. end up with 以…而结束

  8. come to and end (=finish) 结束

  9. end in 以…为结束

  10. engage in 或be engaged in 忙于,从事

  11. enter for (=put the name on a list for) 报名参加

  12. enter into (=begin) 开始(谈话, 谈判等)

  13. enter on / upon (=begin) 开始(一个时代. 一种生涯. 一段任期等)

  14. be entitled to (=be given the right to do sth.)有权…,有资格…

  15. be equal to 等于

  16. be/ feel equal to (=have enough strength, ability etc.)
    (某人)能胜任,能应付

  207. in doubt(=in a condition of uncertainty)对…表示疑惑

on equal terms(=on and equal footing)平等地

  208. be due to 是由于

  1. be equipped with 装备有,装有

  2. (be) equivalent to(=equal in value, amount, meaning) 相等于, 相当于

  3. in essence (=in its/one’s nature) 本质上

  4. at all events (=in spite of everything, in any case) 不论怎样,
    无论如何

  5. in any event (=whatever happens in the future) 无论如何,
    不管(将来)怎么样

  6. in the event that(=if) 假如, 如果. in the event 结果,
    实际情况是(常与but 连用)

  7. in the event of(=in case of)万一,即使发生..时

  8. except 除…以外; besides 除…以外还有..

  9. except (=but) 除了。

  10. except for (=apart from) 除…以外

  11. (an) exception to …的例外

  12. with the exception of (=except, apart from) 除去…., 除…以外

  13. in excess of (=more than) 超过

  14. exchange…for 以…交换

  15. exclusive of (=not taking into account; without) 不包括

  16. in excuse of 作为…的借口

  17. exert…on… 对…施加…

  18. exert oneself to do sth. 努力,使劲

  19. come into existence (=begin to exist)开始存在; come into use
    开始使用;

  209. come off duty 下班

come into effect 开始运转; come into fashion 开始时新; come into action
开始行动;

  210. go on duty 上班

come into power 开始执政; come into sight 进入视野;come into blossom
开花;

  211. be on duty 值班, 值日, 在上班时

  1. (be) in existence 存在come into existence 出现

  2. expect…of 在…期望…

  3. at the expense of 在损害…情况下,以…为牺牲

  4. expose…to…使暴露于…, 使…受(危险,风险)

  5. be exposed to… 面临…, 受到….

  6. beyond expression (=in a manner that cannot be expressed) 无法形容,
    说不出的

  7. give expression to 表达, 表现find expression in 表现

  8. to …extent 在…程度上

  9. in the extreme (= extremely) 极其

  10. look sb. in the eye 正视, 打量(某人)

  11. close (shut) one’s eyes to 不理会,视而不见

  12. in one’s mind’s eye 在心目中, 在想象中

  13. in the twinkling of an eye 一眨眼,转眼间

  14. keep an eye on(=keep a watch on)照看,监视

  15. in the eyes of in one’s eyes ( = in the judgment of ) 在某人看来,
    在某人眼里

  16. on the face of it (=judging by what one can see) 表面看来

  17. in the face of 面对着(困难等情况)

  18. in one’s face 当着某人的面; face to faced 面对面; face up to
    大胆面向

  19. fail in (=be unsuccessful in) 失败

  20. in good faith(=honestly, sincerely) 真诚地

  21. keep faith with 对…守信用

  22. lose faith in 对…失去信心

  23. on faith 毫无怀疑地, 依赖地

  24. faithful to (=loyal to) 对…忠诚

  25. fall into the habit (of) 养成…习惯

  26. fall short of (=fail to reach a desired result, standard, etc.)
    没达到, 低于

  27. familiar with 熟悉,了解

  28. have a fancy for ( =like sth. without the help of reason)
    (没有道理地)喜欢, 想要

  29. take a fancy to (=become fond of) 喜欢

  30. by far 远, 非常(与比较级或最高级连用)

  31. far from 远远不是

  32. far from 非但不…(而且)

  33. in fashion(=stylish, most modern)时兴,流行

  34. after the fashion (of) 依照…

  35. find fault with(=complain about; criticize)找毛病,对…吹毛求疵

  36. at fault (=in the wrong, blamable)有错

  37. in favour of 赞成

  38. be in favour with 受宠, 受偏爱;

  212. be in duty bound to (do) (=be required by one’s job or esp. by
conscience) 有义务(做)

out of favour with 失宠, 不受宠

  213. be eager for 想得到, 盼望

  1. in one’s favour(=to one’s advantage)对.有利

  2. (be) favourable to(=advantageous)有利的

  3. fear for (=be afraid for the safety of sb. or sth.) 为…担心

  4. for fear of (=in case of; because of anxiety about) 以防, 由于怕

  5. in fear of (=afraid for the safety of) 担心

  6. feed (sb.) on sth. 靠吃…, 用…喂养

  7. be fed up with(=be unhappy, tired about sth. dull) 厌烦, 腻了

  8. feel like (=have a desire for) 想要

  9. fill in 填写

  10. fill out ( =fill in )填写

  11. set the world on fire=set the flames on fire(=do sth.
    remarkable)有突出成就

  12. play with fire (=take great risks)干冒险事

  13. set sth. on fire(=set fire to sth.)使..着火,放火

  14. at first sight(=when first seen)乍一看,一见

  15. for the first time 第一次(作状语)

  16. in the first place 首先, 第一

  17. fit into 刚好放入

  18. fit in with ( = suit , fall into agreement) 合适, 相配, 一致

  19. (be) fit for (=right and suitable for) 适合

  20. focus on (=concentrate on) 集中在…上focus sth. on 把…集中在…上

  21. be fond of 喜欢

  22. (be) in force 有效, 实施

  23. go into force 开始生效

  24. by force 靠武力, 强行

  25. force…on 把…强加给…

  26. in the form of 以…形式

  27. be fortunate in 幸运,有好运气

  28. free of charge 免费

  29. be freed from 免受, 没有…

  30. in front of 在…前面in the front of 在…前部

  31. furnish…with (=supply) 向…提供

  32. in general (=in most cases, usually)通常

  33. catch (or get) a glimpse of 瞥见(强调结果) take a glance(or look)
    at 看一眼(强调动作)

  34. be good for 对…有好处;对…有作用be good at 擅长于; be good to 对…好

  35. in good time(=early)早早地(做完.到达等)

  36. for good (=for ever) 永远地, 长期地

  37. take…for granted (=assume to be true)把…认为理所当然的.

  38. be grateful to sb. for sth 因…感谢某人

  39. on the ground(s) fo (=because of) 由于…

  40. fall to the ground (计划.希望等)失败,落空

  41. on one’s guard(against) 谨防, 警惕(be) on guard 站岗

  42. guard against (=defend, keep safe)警惕,防止guard…against 警卫…防止

  43. guess at 猜, 估计

  44. by guess 靠猜

  45. be guilty of 犯有…罪或过失

  46. be in the habit of 习惯于

  47. break off (a habit) 改掉(某种习惯)

  48. break sb. of (a habit)使某人改掉(某习惯)

  49. get (fall) into the habit of 养成了…的习惯

  50. come to a halt (=stop) 停止; 停住

  51. at hand 在手边, 眼前(附近)

  52. by hand 用手工(做)

  53. hand in glove(with) 狼狈为奸, 密切合作

  54. in hand 1)在手边2)(=under control)控制住

  55. in the hands of 由…掌握, 控制, 负责

  56. live from hand to mouth 勉强度日,现挣现吃

  57. at the head of 在…的前头

  58. head for (=move towards) 向…方向前进

  59. hear of (=know about) 听人说起, 听说过

  60. at heart (=in reality) 内心里, 实际上

  61. in one’s heart (of hearts)内心深处,事实上

  62. by heart (=by memory) 熟记, 背(诵)

  63. to one’s heart’s content 尽情地

  64. with all one’s heart 全心全意地,真心实意

  65. hinder…form(=stop…from)阻碍,使..不能做

  66. be (go) on holiday 在(去)度假go on holiday = go for a holiday

  67. be (feel) at home (=to be comfortable; not feel worried)
    感觉合适,无拘束,熟悉

  68. be honest in 诚实

  69. in one’s honour (or in honour of)祝贺,纪念

  70. on one’s honour 以某人的名誉担保

  71. hope for 希望(某事发生),希望有

  72. to one’s horror 令某人感到恐惧的是

  73. in a hurry (=hastily) 匆忙地

  74. be identical with(=exactly alike)和完全相同

  75. be identified with 被视为与…等同

  76. in ignorance of 不知道…

  77. be ignorant of ( = lacking knowledge) 对…不了解,不知道

  78. (an) impact (on) 对…的强烈影响

  79. impose…on 把…强加给

  80. impress…on 给…留下印象

  81. make (leave) an impression on sb. =give sb. an impression
    给…留下印象

  214. by ear (=play music from memory without having seen it printed)
凭记忆,不看乐谱

188.under the impression that 有..的印象,认为

  215. have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music
and language)对..有鉴赏力

  1. improve sth.(make sth. better)把原物改进

  216. a word in one’s ear 私房话, 秘密话

improve on(=produce or be sth. better than…) 另做一物比原物更好

  217. on earth 究竟, 到底, 全然

  1. improve in (=get better) 有改进, 好些

  2. improvement in 表示原物有改进,好转

  3. include…in 把…列在…里面

  4. inclusive of 把…包括在内

  5. independent of 独立的,不受约束的

  6. indicative of 表明, 说明

  7. be indifferent to (=not interested in)对…漠不关心, 冷淡, 不在乎

  8. (be) inferior to(=less good in quality or value) 比…差; superior to
    比…好

  9. inform sb. of sth. 通知, 告诉

  10. be innocent of 无罪的,无辜的

  11. insist on (=order sth. to happen) 坚持要

  12. instead of (=in place of) 代替,而不是…

  13. instruct…in (=teach) 教.指导.训练某人…

  14. insure…for 把…保险(多少钱); ensure 使安全; assure…(of) 使…确信,保证

  15. insure…against 保险…以防

  16. intend…for 打算把…给

  17. (be) intent on 专心致志, 坚决

  18. in the interests of 符合…的利益be interested in 对…感兴趣

  19. interfere in 干涉, interfere with 打搅,干扰

  20. at intervals 每隔一会儿, 每隔一段距离

  21. intervene in 干预

  22. invest in 投资

  23. be involved in (=become connected or concerned) 卷入, 参加

  24. by itself (=alone, without help)单独地,靠自己

  25. in itself 本身; of itself 自发,自然

  26. be jealous of 妒忌

  27. jump at (=to be eager to accept)抢着接受,

  28. jump on (=scold, tell of) 叱责

  29. junior to sb. 年纪较…轻, 职位较…低.

  30. (be) keen on 喜爱, 渴望

  31. keep a close watch on ( =keep a sharp lookout for) 密切注视

  32. keep…to oneself(=keep secret)不告诉别人

  33. to(the best of) one’s knowledge 据…所知

  34. at large(=at liberty, free) 在逃, 逍遥法外at large(=in general)
    一般来说, 大体上

  218. with ease ( = easily) 容易, 不费力

at large(=at full length; with details)详细地

  219. at (one’s) ease ( = without worry or nervousness) 自在,不拘束

  1. lean against (背)靠着…

  2. at least 至少; at most 至多

  3. (not) in the least 一点(也不), 丝毫(也不)

  4. at one’s leisure 在…有空的时候

  5. lend itself/themselves to 适合于(某用途)

  6. at length (=after a long time, at last)终于at length (=in detail,
    thoroughly)详细地

  7. go to any length 想一切办法, 尽一切力量

  8. be liable to (=be subject to)易于..的,应受(罚)

  9. be liable for 对…应负责任的

  10. lie in 在于

  11. in life 一生中

  12. for life 终身

  13. in the light of (=considering; taking into account) 考虑到, 根据

  14. throw light on ( = make clear, explain) 使…更为清楚, 提供线索, 阐明

  15. in line with(=in agreement with)符合,一致

  16. long for(=want very much)渴望,希望得到

  17. for long 很久,很长时间(否定句.疑问句中)

  18. before long (=soon)不久, 过了不久以后.

  19. in the long run (=in the end)从长远来说,最后; in the short term
    (从短期来说)

  20. (be) at a loss 不知所措

  220. put sb. at his her ease (=free sb. from worry or
nervousness)使某人感到无拘束

244.major in 主修(某课程)

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  1. as a matter of fact 实际上, 事实是

  2. by all means(=at all costs)不惜一切=certainly 当然行by means of
    用…by no means 完全不

  3. on memory of 为纪念…

  4. on the mend (=in the process of recovering) 好转, 在康复中

  5. mention sth. to sb. 向某人提起某事

  6. at the mercy of (=in the power of) 任…摆布, 在…支配下

  7. be in a mess 乱七八糟, 处境困难make a mess of 弄乱, 打乱

  8. bear(or keep)…in mind(=remember)牢记

  9. bring(or call)to mind(=remember)使回想起

  10. by mistake(由于粗心,健忘原因而)错误地

  11. at the moment (=now) 此刻,现在for the moment (=for the time
    being)暂时

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just a moment 稍等片刻at the last moment 在最后一刻

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  1. in the mood for 有情绪去做..,有心境做.

  2. no more…than 和…一样都不…

  3. for the most part 多半,大多数,一般来说

  4. at (the) most 最多, 至多

  5. make the most of 充分利用

  6. be not much of(=not a good)不是很好的…be something of 有点…,像…

  7. name after 用…的名字命名

  8. native to 所产的

  9. by nature 天生的, 生来

  10. in nature 本质上

  11. (be) in the nature of 属…性质

  12. none other that 不是别人,正是…

  13. above normal 高于正常(温度)

  14. for nothing (=free, without payment)免费

  15. nothing but 只有, 不过…而已

  16. to say nothing of(=not to mention)更不用说…

  17. do sth. at short notice 只给很少时间准备

  18. until further notice 在另行通知前

  19. take notice of (=pay attention) 注意

  20. object to (=be opposed to) 反对

  21. objection to (接动名词) 反对

  22. on occasion(=now and then)不时地,必要时

  23. by occasion of (=because of) 由于

  24. occupy oneself with (in) 忙于(某事)

  25. it occurs to sb. that… 某人想到…

  26. once and for all =once and forever 永远地all at once (=suddenly,
    now) 立即,马上

once in a while (=occasionally) 偶尔(just) for once 就这一次

  1. (all) by oneself 独自(没有别人帮助)

  2. operate on sb. 给某人做手术operation n. come/ go into operation
    开始运转

澳门百老汇赌场网址,put/bring sth. into operation 使…投产,运转

  1. be of the opinion 持有…的看法

  2. in one’s opinion 按某人的看法

  3. be opposed to… 反对…

  4. be opposite to 与…相反的

  5. (be) in order(=acceptable)合适的,恰当的

in order 井井有条,处于良好状态; out of order(=in bad
condition)出毛病,发生故障

  1. made to order 定做的(衣服)

  2. originate in/from(=begin)起源于,由..引起

  3. on the outskirts (of) 在城郊

  4. owe…to 把…归于…

  5. on one’s own (=along, without help)单独

  6. of one’s own 某人自己的

  7. keep pace with 跟…齐步前进

  8. go to great pains=take pains 下功夫,努力

  9. part with (=give up, sell) 舍弃,卖掉

  10. participate in (=take part in)参加

  11. (be) particular about 讲究,挑剔(吃,穿)

  12. in particular (=especially) 特别是,尤其

  13. (a) passion for 对…的热爱,热情

  14. be patient with 对…耐心

  15. pay for 赔偿, 付款, 报偿, 处罚

  16. pay…for 付…的钱

  17. (be) at peace with 与…和睦相处in peace (=peacefully)安静,平安

  18. peculiar to… 特有的, 独具的

  19. penalty for 对…的处罚,罚金

  20. perform on the piano(=play the piano)演奏钢琴

  21. persist in 坚持,固执

  22. in person 亲自, 当面

  23. in place (in right or proper place) 放在应放的地方

  24. in place of (=instead of) 代替

  25. take(a) pleasure in 喜欢做某事

  26. be on the point of doing sth. (=be about to do sth.) 刚要去做

  27. beside the point 不切正题,无关紧要

  28. come to the point 谈主要问题

  29. there is no point in doing sth.没必要做某事

  30. to the point 中肯, 切题

  31. point at (=indicate, direct attention)指着point out (=indicate,
    show) 指出,指明

  32. popular with/among 大众所喜爱的,拥戴

  33. in the position of 处在…位置上

  34. in practice 实际上(状语);业务熟练(表语)

  35. be(get) out of practice 荒疏,不熟练

  36. bring(put)…into practice 使…成为现实

  37. prefer…to… (choose rather, like better) 宁要, 更喜欢

  38. prepare for breakfast 准备吃早饭prepare breakfast 作早饭

  39. in the presence of 在…在场的情况下

  40. for the present(=for the time being, for now)暂且,就现在来说; at
    present 现在,此刻

  41. preside over / at 主持(会议,业务等)

  42. prevail over 占优势, 压倒, 战胜

  43. prevent…from 使…不, 防止…做

  44. previous to (=prior to) 在…之前

  45. take pride in(=pride oneself on) 以…自豪

  46. pride oneself on / upon 以…自豪

  47. in principle (=only in regard to the main idea) 原则上

  48. prior to (=before) 在…之前

  49. in private (=privately) 私下, 秘密地in public 公开地

  50. proceed from (=arise from, result from) 由…发出, 由…引起(产生)

  51. proceed with ( =begin and continue sth.) 继续进行

  52. in progress(=in the state of be done)进行中

  53. prohibit…from (=forbid) 禁止, 阻止

  54. in proportion to 与…成比例

  55. protect…from 阻止..不受,保护不受

  56. be proud of 为…自豪

  57. provide for 为…做准备

  58. in public 公开地, 当众

  59. on purpose(=by intention, deliberately)故意

  60. to the purpose (=useful for one’s purpose)得要领的, 中肯的

  61. be qualified in 在某种科目或学科上合格be qualified for
    在某种职业上合格

  62. call…in question 对…表示怀疑

  63. beyond (all) question (=without question) 毫无疑问

  64. out of the question (=impossible)不可能的

  65. in question (=under discussion)所谈及的;

  66. without question 毫无疑问

  67. be caught in the rain 被雨淋了

  68. at random (=without aim or purpose) 随便地, 任意地, 胡乱地

  69. range over (=cove, include) 范围包括

  70. range between 范围在..与..之间不等

  71. at any rate (=at all events)无论如何,总之

  72. beyond the reach of 无法达到(得到,理解)

  73. out of reach of 无法够到. within reach of (or within one’s reach)
    够得到,能拿到

  74. react to 对…作出反应

  75. react on / upon 对…产生影响

  76. react against 作出反抗或反对反应

  77. (be) ready for 准备好做…

  78. in reality (=in fact, really) 事实上

  79. beyond all reason 没有道理的

  80. by reason of (=because of) 由于,因为

  81. it stands to reason that …理所当然

  82. reason with (=argue) 劝说

  83. in the red 亏损,负债,赤字(be) get out of red 不再亏损

  84. refer to…as 把…称做…

  85. refer…to… (=send, take) 送交,呈交

  86. with/in reference to(=concerning, about)关于

  87. with/in regard to (=concerning)有关,关于

  88. give one’s regards to sb. 向…问候

  89. regardless of (=without worrying about, despite, in spite of)
    不顾,不考虑

  90. in/with relation to 关于, 有关

  91. relevant to 与…有关的

  92. to one’s relief 令…感到放心的是

  93. relieve…of… 解除,解脱;帮助拿,辞退

  94. rely on 依靠, 信赖

  95. remark on(upon) 对…发表评论

  96. remedy for 对…治疗法, 补救, 药物

  97. remind sb. of 提醒某人…,使某人向想起

  98. in good repair(=in good condition)处于良好状态; be under repair
    在修理中

  99. reply to 答复, 回答

388.beyond reproach 不受责备的;beyond(all) reason 毫无道理;beyond
question 毫无疑问;

beyond belief 以相信;beyond hope 绝望

  1. resort to 诉诸于.., 求助于…resort to force 诉诸于武力

  2. in/with respect to (=concerning)有关,关于

  3. respond to 对…反应, 响应, 对(药)有效

  4. in response to(=as an answer to)回答,反应

  5. be response for 对…负责, 是造成…原因

  6. rest on/upon(=be supported by)依靠,寄托

  7. rest with (=be in hand of) 在…手中, 是…的责任; 由…决定; 依靠

  8. restrain…from(=hold back from)抑制..不..

  9. restrict…to(=keep within limits)把..限制于..

  10. result in (=cause) 导致

  11. with the result that 其结果是

  12. in return (for) 作为报答; 以报答(for)

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