- 家长必看12个正确早教方法 让孩子更非凡
Are you trying to learn a new language in a foreign land? You might be
better off if you stopped looking at that picture of your family and
When learning a new language, your brain is running a whole new
neuropathway, creating new patterns and trying to fix those new pathways
permanently in your gray matter. New research from Columbia University
found that prompting someone who is learning a new language with images
and reminders of their own culture could temporarily wreck everything
that the brain was trying to
When native Chinese students were asked to converse with a Caucasian
avatar versus a Chinese avatar, their English skills were so different.
Simply exposing students to a Chinese person affected their ability to
speak English. Subjects who talked with the Chinese version felt more
comfortable in their speech, but they produced 11% fewer words per
minute. They actually became less fluent
To make sure it wasn’t just the avatar, researchers also showed people
random images of China while the participants told a story. When
pictures of their homeland appeared, fluency dropped 16% and volunteers
were 85% more likely to use a literal translation, for example, calling
pistachios “happy nuts”. Because that’s literally what the Chinese word
for pistachio means.
The brain is constantly sucking in information and, let’s be honest,
it’s lazy, so when the brain can do something it already knows how to
do, it will. In this case the shortcut is reverting to its old patterns
Culture and communication are a large part of our everyday lives, and
those are well-worn pathways, so they’re really difficult to alter. This
effect doesn’t force only on language processing either. When the
students were shown pictures of fish with one swimming ahead of the
others, their cultural prompt would change how they look at the photo.
With Chinese prompts, like photos of the Great Wall or Chinese Dragon,
etc. saw more students thinking that the fish was being chased, whereas
an American prompt, like pictures of Marilyn Monroe or Superman, saw
those students believing that it was a leader fish… Why are our
cultural symbols Marilyn Monroe and
The bottom line is: when attempting to learn a new culture it is far
better to surround yourself with that culture than create an island of
the old one amidst the new one. Part of this can be seen in highly
multicultural cities with isolated ethnic areas. Folks in these isolated
communities would not only see less exposure for the culture and the
language of the surrounding city, but they learn fluency far more
Chinese Guest Teachers to Build a Chinese
Hammond Clark students learn to speak Chinese, appreciate the culture
（Clark Chinese teacher Xinhua Liu watches as students use chopsticks to
pick up beans.）
If you walk into Xinhua Liu’s classroom each morning at Clark
Middle/High School, the students are standing respectfully as they greet
Shàngkè! Qǐlì! Tóngxuémen hǎo! Lǎoshīhǎo! Qǐng zuò! Xièxiè!
Essentially that means: Class begins! Stand up! Hello my students! Hello
Miss Liu! Please sit down澳门百老汇赌场网址，! Thank you!
This is the third year that Liu has taught Chinese at Clark in the
School City of Hammond. Liu is one of five Chinese teachers in Hammond.
The College Board — in collaboration with Hanban/Confucius Institutes
Headquarters — launched the K-12-focused Confucius Institutes and
Classrooms program to support the development of K-12 Chinese language
and cultural education in the U.S. The program provides funding,
resources and guidance to participating institutions.
Many of the Clark students say Chinese is difficult, but Liu makes it
easier by using games to help them understand the culture and language.
Freshman Faith Johnson said she enjoys taking Chinese because she and
her classmates get a chance to learn new things and do a variety of
“I plan to take the next level of Chinese next fall,” Johnson said.
“There are so many little details to learning how to write in Chinese.
There are many different strokes. It’s difficult, but it’s still fun to
do. Ms. Liu also plays a lot of games and I’ve learned a lot about
Chinese culture. We did some research on older leaders in China like
Liu said she enjoys sharing her language and culture with American
Liu went to Hunan University in 2000 at age 18 and majored in English.
She earned her master’s degree in Chinese eight years later; she began
learning English in middle school.
“Now in China, even the kindergarten level has to take English,” she
said. “We were not as lucky as the students at Clark, we didn’t have an
English native speaker to teach us English. I taught English in a
college for five years before I came to the U.S.A.”
Liu said her colleagues at Clark are like family and have helped her
“With their support, we have made a great environment for the students
to learn Chinese,” Liu said. “I love the students’ smile when they come
into my class. They work very hard; they’re working to learn new things
and using what they’ve learned in daily life.
“They love the Chinese culture. They’ve done a very good job in our
school-wide activities,” Liu said. “We have been involved in community.
We donated cans for a food drive, went to fundraising activities, taught
children how to use chopsticks in a program at Purdue Calumet, went to a
church to help people, and have brought Chinese food and Chinese culture
to students, teachers and our neighborhood.”
Liu and the students visited Chinatown in Chicago and the students
shopped, communicating in Chinese.
“My former student, Rice Shawn, who graduated last summer and attends
Indiana University now, earned a scholarship to study in China in his
senior year,” Liu said. “This year we have an Advanced Placement Chinese
class for the first time. The feedback from Hanban and College Board
makes me proud.”
Liu said her American students are different from her former Chinese
students in that they are more outspoken.
“The attitude is totally different from Chinese students,” she said. “In
China, the students sit and are silent the whole day. Here the students
speak. They give you their ideas and opinions and they are very
Late last month, Liu accompanied Hammond Assistant Superintendent
Theresa Mayerik to the 2016 National Chinese Language Conference in
Liu said they gave a presentation titled, “Support Chinese Guest
Teachers to Build a Chinese Program,” adding that it was well received.
Mayerik said she was excited to showcase the school district on a
national level, and its successful Chinese language program.
Freshman Jacob Meier said he is trying to become more fluent in Chinese.
“I’d love to go over there someday and share my culture with them as my
teacher has shared her culture with us,” he said.
As the bell rang and the students prepared to leave for their next
class, they stood and said:
Xiàkè! Qǐlì! Tóngxuémen zàijiàn! Lǎoshīzàijiàn!
Essentially that means: Class is dismissing! Stand up! See you my
students! See you Miss Liu!
More information or pictures, please see the “Clark Chinese